Nenad Ž. Petrović, Yugoslav Military Cooperation with the Soviet Union 1953–1964 as Seen from Belgrade

The primary objective of the study is to elucidate an important part of post-war period in Yugoslav history, covering the time from Joseph Stalin’s death (March 1953) to Nikita Khrushchev’s removal from power (October 1964). The study shows how the ties between the two armies were withstanding changes, as their parity closely matched the countries’ bilateral and interparty relations. After a brief improvement, once the Hungarian Uprising in the autmn 1956 took place, new tensions in the countries’ relations increased, inevitably affecting the formerly renewed military relations further. Ideological disputes escalated sharply in 1958. Better relations in all sectors were gradually resumed, but not before the early sixties.
Commencing 1961, large provisions of weaponry and military materiel for the YPA from the Soviet Union proceeded. The focus of the research project was to discover the amount, the types, and the purposes of the weapons obtained, and the prices at which they had been purchased. Did the purchasing of the arms from the Soviet Union mean turning away from the West, at least temporarily? To what extent were the (temporarily) improved intergovernmental and economic relations followed by mending of the interparty relations?
The study is based on documents obtained largely from The Archives of Yugoslavia, The Military Archives, and The Archives of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Serbia.