International Scientific Meeting "Stress in the Military Profession - Achievements and Perspectives"
On the occasion of celebrating the 70th anniversary of military psychology in Serbia, a two-day international scientific conference "Stress in the Military Profession - Achievements and Perspectives" was opened today at the Serbian Army House, organized by the Strategic Research Institute of the University of Defense.
This is the first time that a scientific conference of military psychologists in Serbia is held at the international level and is dedicated to a significant topic of stress in the military profession. There were present eminent military psychology experts from a large number of countries, India, Canada, South Africa, Estonia, Great Britain, Croatia, Slovenia and Serbia is also an important part of this event.
On behalf of the host of the event, the director of the Strategic Research Institute, prof. Dr. Jovanka Šaranović, pointed out that the Institute is a research organization that deals with interdisciplinary research in various fields of social and humanistic sciences. Through his thirty-four-year work, among other things, it also deals with psychological topics: the value system and attitudes of the members of the defense system on the reform of military organization, organizational culture, the engagement of women in the military profession, as well as the psychological factors of the family and social context of the selection of the military profession, education and work in the military system and success factors in the military profession.
After the director, participants were addressed by Rector of the University of Defense, Major General Assistant Professor Goran Radovanovic, who pointed out the importance of educating all members of the defense system on topics in the field of military psychology.
"I am particularly proud that the Strategic Research Institute organizes this activity. The specificities of the military profession, the challenges and difficulties that people face in peace, but also in the war, in the execution of tasks and the realization of missions that are placed before the military organization are generally known. One of the great difficulties is just stress. It is very important to discuss the phenomenon of stress in the military profession at such a high scientific level in order to contribute to the reduction of stress in the military", said Rector of the University of Defense Major General Goran Radovanovic at the opening.
The international conference was officially opened by State Secretary Aleksandar Zivkovic who pointed out that the military profession requires more of an employee, as is the case in other professions.
"Developing military psychology in the territory of our country is the task and obligation we have towards psychological science in general, towards the founders of military psychology in Serbia and the generations that contribute to its development. We can accomplish this task more comprehensively by the cooperation with foreign military psychologists through joint scientific meetings, publications, education, empirical research, because the man is an intriguing theme, especially when he is engaged in specific military tasks and in the military environment, "said Mr. Zivkovic.
The first day of the conference was about the psychoanalytic theory of trauma and its application in the military environment, war neuroses and consequences of war, military and civil ego, and the stress of employees in foreign military armies.
In the introductory lecture prof. Dr. Gideon Van Djuk from the University of South Africa's Stellenbosch School of Military Sciences spoke about stress and his treatment in a challenging profession such as military, about the challenge of a psychologist in changing the nature of warfare to minimize stress.
Inspired by the introductory speech, State Secretary Živković, as one of many who participated in military tasks during his military career, suggested that the participants not only consider the measures for remediation of post-traumatic stress, but also that psychologists with other carriers of activities consider the so- "Offensive" measure, i.e. by means of which they prepare soldiers for the execution of future tasks and raise their resistance to stress.
Within the framework of today's meeting, a psychological workshop was held in the performance of Lieutenant Colonel prof. Dr. Jacques J. Gouws from Canada on the topic: Differentiation of combat stress, posttraumatic stress and traumatic stress of a person with disabilities. Certificates were handed over to all the participants of the event.
Among the participants, besides professors and exhibitors from foreign universities, there were military psychologists of the Ministry of Defense and the Serbian Army Forces, psychologists of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the cadets of the Military Academy and the Medical Faculty of the VMA, as well as many participants who were interested in today's topic.
The conference was divided into two panels on both days, and for the completion of tomorrow's work, the promotion of the thematic collection with 19 scientific papers, 32 authors, "Stress in the military profession", published by the Institute for Strategic Research at the University of Defense and the Faculty of Military Sciences, Stelenboš University of the South African Republic, was envisaged.
The moderator during the first International Scientific Conference "Stress in the Military Profession - Achievements and Perspectives" was assistant professor dr Anita Pešić from the Institute for Strategic Research.